The risk associated with exposure to subsurface pollutants is often associated with groundwater transport. Understanding the three-dimensional flow and the fate and transport of contaminants in subsurface systems is notoriously difficult, as those systems are heterogeneous at every scale. Unfortunately, the data density required for accurate conceptual site models can be prohibitively expensive using conventional means, such as drilling wells, or any other one-dimensional tool.

Significantly, newly emerging contaminants, such as PFOS, PFOA and 1,4-dioxane are highly soluble and can readily travel many thousands of feet through groundwater. The successful remediation of these and other polluting compounds requires an accurate understanding of flow pathways; however, delineating these pathways has been extraordinarily challenging.

Willowstick Technologies has developed unique tools and methods to accurately map subsurface groundwater pathways in diverse and complex hydro-geologic systems. The methodology provides reliable insights as to where groundwater, and thus contamination, is flowing. Practitioners now have the data density required to place wells in the precise locations to maximize the probability of remediation success. Targeted remediation can yield significant cost savings.

In the broad and diverse world of environmental remediation, the Willowstick Technology can be a vital tool and a necessary insurance policy to better define subsurface preferential pathways, mitigate risk, and implement precise remediation strategies.